Introduction to Romans

Today we start reading one of the greatest theological document ever written. It has been called “The Constitution of Christianity”, “The Christian Manifesto”, and “The Cathedral of Christian Faith.” Paul’s letter to the Romans. Using a question and answer format, Paul records the most systematic presentation of doctrine in the Bible. Romans is more than a book of theology, it is also a book of practical exhortation. The good news of Jesus Christ is more than facts to be believed, it is also a life to be lived, a life of righteousness befitting the person, “justified freely by God’s grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.”

In Romans, Paul explores the significance of Jesus’ sacrificial death and explains the climactic revelation of God to the world through His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul reflects on the human condition, on the meaning of our lives on earth, and on our hope for the world to come. He constantly moves us back to the fundamentals of God’s truth revealed in Christ, and he teaches us to deal with the problems, failures, and disputes that characterize life in this world.

Romans was written by the apostle Paul around 57 AD from Corinth during his third missionary journey. Acts 20:22 tells us that before his departure for Jerusalem, Paul stayed in Corinth for three months. In Romans chapter 15 verse 25, Paul anticipated his departure for Jerusalem. Following his trip to Jerusalem to deliver the collection for the Jerusalem saints, Paul intended to make a fourth missionary journey to the western extremity of the Roman Empire. He wanted the Roman church to assist him with making that journey and wrote this letter to establish contact with the Roman church in preparation for the anticipated visit.

The church at Rome was most likely founded by converts of Peter’s ministry at Pentecost, or perhaps of Paul’s ministry, who had migrated to Rome. Rome was the center of the Roman Empire. Because of the Roman passion for road construction, travel was relatively easy and the saying “All roads lead to Rome” was literally true. The Greek language was common throughout the Roman Empire, for it was the language of the culture. Latin was the language of the government. People moving to Rome would have no trouble communicating in their new enviroment. The church was primarly made up of Gentiles and had very little central organization or local church government.

“Romans can never be read or pondered too much, and the more it is dealt with the more precious it becomes, and the better it tastes.”
Martin Luther

Published by Bobby Robinson, Jr

Biblical perspective on Life, Society, Culture, Politics, and Religion!

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